The ClerVolc project brings together expertise and cutting-edge techniques in volcanology, petrology, geochemistry, mathematics, computer science, data management, meteorology, social sciences and geography. This allows us to address fundamental questions of volcano dynamics, hazards and risk and, through, interdisciplinary collaborations and innovative new technologies, to develop more sophisticated volcano monitoring systems and risk mitigation strategies.
The Volcanology Laboratory
Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans; LMV is a joint research unit of Blaise Pascal University, the CNRS and the IRD, with about 90 permanent staff. Prior to 2012 it hosted about 50 non-permanent personnel (e.g., PhD students, postdoctoral fellows), although the ClerVolc project is greatly increasing this number. The high international reputation of the LMV is based on its expertise in the study of magmas and volcanoes, with three research groups:
- Experimental petrology;
The LMV has a wide range of instrumental expertise in volcano geophysics and remote sensing (seismic, INSAR, thermal infrared, ultraviolet, DOAS, Doppler Radar, satellite plume tracking, electromagnetism, gravity), analogue and numerical modelling, high-pressure, high-temperature experimentation (including the CNRS national 3-26 GPa multi-anvil press facility), and a wide range of cutting-edge analytical capabilities (Sr, Nd, Pb, Os, U-Th and Ra isotopic systems, electron microprobe, scanning electron microscope, plasma-source ICP AES and ICP MS spectrometers with laser ablation, Fourier Transform Infrared microscope, micro-Raman spectroscopy, multicollector thermal ionisation mass-spectrometers, nuclear-counter spectrometers, gas-sourced mass spectrometer). The LMV coordinates an international Masters degree in Volcanology and Geotechnics (INVOGE) in collaboration with the Universities of Michigan (USA), Buffalo (USA) and Milan-Bicocca (Italy). It also participates in an international (France-Ecuador-Peru) Masters degree in Geology, Risk and Land Management.
Web site: http://lmv.univ-bpclermont.fr/fr/
The Particle Physics Laboratory
Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire; LPC is a joint research unit of Blaise Pascal University and the CNRS. There are 144 full-time staff and about 20 PhD students at the LPC. Research expertise lies in the fields of experimental particle physics, astroparticle physics and hadronic physics. Research is performed at large experimental infrastructures, including the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the International Linear Collider, and the ANTARES neutrino telescope, as part of international collaborations. A theory group interacts with the experimental groups, and has an important role in the definition of future activities of the laboratory. Multidisciplinary activities include thermoluminescence dating, measurement of weak radioactivity, biomaterials, and R&D for medical imaging and hadron-therapy. The LPC has expertise in the storage and handling of large amounts of digital data, and it leads the regional ‘Auvergrid’ computing infrastructure. Since 2009, the LPC has collaborated with the LMV, the OPGC and the Institut de Physique Nucléaire in Lyon on a project of volcano tomography using atmospheric muons (TOMUVOL). The project is an application of techniques developed for ANTARES. The aim is to construct three-dimensional density maps of the interiors of volcanoes. The LPC intervenes in three Masters programs (Material Science, Microelectronics; Radiation Physics and Technology). Within ClerVolc the LPC brings expertise in muon detection, and thermoluminescence dating, together with new instrumental technologies, data acquisition, storage and processing on grid computing networks, and complex statistical data analysis.
Web site: http://clrwww.in2p3.fr/
The Laboratory of Social and Cognitive Psychology
Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive; LAPSCO specializes in the study of mental processes and human behaviour in the context of their social environment, and in the way people process social information. LAPSCO has expertise in emotion, cognitive psychology, language, developmental psychology and clinical psychology, and is the only CNRS laboratory dealing in social psychology in France. The laboratory has state-of-the-art equipment for high-precision measurement of human physiological and psychological reactions (reaction time measurement, eye-tracking system, electroencephalography, etc.). LAPSCO has 28 full-time personnel and about the same number of PhD students and postdoctoral researchers. LAPSCO coordinates a Masters program in Social and Cognitive Psychology. Its researchers will collaborate with other ClerVolc scientists on the psychological reaction of humans to volcanic eruptions.
Web site: http://lapsco.univ-bpclermont.fr/
The Computer Science Laboratory
Laboratoire d’Informatique, Modélisation, Optimisation; LIMOS is a research structure belonging to Blaise Pascal University, the University of the Auvergne, and the CNRS. With 73 permanent staff and 70 PhD students, its research focuses on the design of scientific and business-oriented software and their application to the optimization, control and evaluation of complex organisational systems. This is done through three research teams (Decision Oriented Algorithms and Models, Information and Communication Systems, Production Systems) and two transverse projects (Computer Sciences for Innovative Mobility, Computer Sciences for Environmental Safety). LIMOS is equipped with a range of high-level computing facilities, signal processing capabilities and hardware design tools. Within ClerVolc, the LIMOS brings expertise in wireless field sensor networks, high-performance computing, geographic information systems, grid computing, and 3D image reconstruction.
Web site: http://limos.isima.fr/
The Physical Meteorology Laboratory
Laboratoire de Météorologie-Physique; LaMP is a joint research unit of Blaise Pascal University and the CNRS. It has 31 permanent personnel and 16 PhD students and postdoctoral fellows. The research at LaMP involves the study of clouds, precipitation, atmospheric aerosol particles, and the transport and chemistry of gaseous and particulate pollutants. Measurements are carried out by in-situ observation on airborne platforms and at surface stations, as well as by remote sensing techniques on the ground (radar, lidar) and from satellite. The LaMP has developed an airborne measuring platform specifically equipped for studies of clouds and aerosol particles that is unique in Europe. It has developed new techniques and instrumentation for better characterization of size, hygroscopicity and volatility of atmospheric particles. The LaMP has also developed numerical models of cloud evolution combining atmospheric dynamics, cloud microphysics and aerosol particles in three dimensions on small cloud scales. The laboratory is responsible for the Masters program in ‘Physics and Chemistry of the Atmosphere and Climate’. It also contributes courses in meteorology and atmospheric physics to the physics Master program.
Web site: http://wwwobs.univ-bpclermont.fr/atmos/
The Mathematics Laboratory
Laboratoire de Mathématiques; LM is a joint research unit of Blaise Pascal University and the CNRS. The laboratory comprises 60 permanent personnel and 20 PhD students and postdoctoral fellows. Research activities include operator algebra, partial differential equations, numerical analysis and scientific calculus, topology and geometry, mathematical modeling, statistics and probabilities, and number theory. Applied topics include electromagnetic wave propagation, non-linear mechanics and random parameters, electric arcs and plasma torches, numerical diagrams and applications, interface propagation, and modelling of rare events in epidemiology. The LM coordinates a research masters in mathematics, and a professional masters in mathematics with focus on statistics and data processing. Within ClerVolc the LM brings expertise in the development of mathematical models and analyses of data series.
Web site: http://math.univ-bpclermont.fr/
L’Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand
L’OPGC belongs to the network of French Earth and Space Science Observatories. The OPGC carries out long-term monitoring of natural phenomena, in order to understand processes and to prevent risks. This activity involves observation and measurement, and the acquisition, processing and storage of data. Observation services of the OPGC include volcano monitoring (multi-spectral imagery; Doppler radar; optical spectroscopy by differential absorption and radar interferometry), management of the regional seismic network, and atmosphere monitoring (pollution levels; biology, physics and chemistry of atmospheric water and its interaction with anthropogenic pollution; Puy-de Dôme monitoring station; low altitude observatories; LIDAR soundings; airborne platform for cloud microphysical and chemical measurements). The OPGC is the umbrella organization of the LMV and the LaMP. The role of the OPGC within ClerVolc is the collection of time-series observations on volcanic and atmospheric phenomena, data analysis, and construction of freely available web-based databases.
Web site: http://wwwobs.univ-bpclermont.fr/opgc/index.php
The French Geological Survey
The BRGM is a research centre of about 1077 employees, among them 700 scientists, which embraces most activities in the field of applied earth sciences, such as geology, hydrology and hydrogeology, geophysics, environment and civil engineering. The BRGM Natural Risks Division has about 90 permanent researchers and experts. It has a large experience in the study of geological hazards (earthquakes, landslides, subsidence, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and coastal erosion), risk mapping and vulnerability assessment methodologies. These have been applied to Montagne Pelée and Mount Cameroon. The Natural Risks Division of the BRGM is coordinator of the MIAVITA project of the European Commission FP7 program. It also coordinates the FP7 ENSURE project, aimed at enhancing the resilience of communities and territories facing natural hazards. The expertise of the BRGM in multi-risk and vulnerability is internationally recognized, with several World Bank projects in this domain. The BRGM participates in ClerVolc projects on a yearly basis.
Web site: http://www.brgm.fr/